Visit Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
The Casa Grande Ruins National Monument is one of Arizona’s lasting treasures. Built around 1400 CE by Native Americans who inhabited the area, this Casa Grande or “Big House” stands as a symbol of how these people lived, worked and played. Not much is known about the purpose of this building, as experts have varying ideas. Some theorize it was a meeting place due to an intricate chamber of rooms lining the structure. Others say it had a more meaningful significance. Many agree that the multi-floor structure is an amazing timepiece that still stands as it did hundreds of years ago.
In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison set aside one square-mile of Arizona Territory surrounding the Casa Grande Ruins as the first prehistoric and cultural reserve established in the United States. A few years later, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918. The management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service during this time. Today, the Indians of the Gila River Community, O’Odham, Hopi, Zuni and others celebrate this great achievement by holding various events. The Native American Music Fest is one of the largest, celebrating the rich history of native music through the ages.
The Casa Grande Ruins Monument expansive area incorporates over 400 acres and includes a visitor center, guided tours, a museum, theatre and gift shop. Plan your visit to the Casa Grande National Monument by visiting https://www.nps.gov/cagr/ or call 520-723-3172.